Sore and Painful Breasts
I am 16 years old and have had my period since I was 13. Ever
since I can remember, my breasts have always become very sore
and swollen before my period. Lately, it has been getting even
more painful, to the point where it hurts too walk. I am only an A/B
cup, yet it hurts so much. Just raising an arm makes me feel the
pain. What can I do about this, and what is causing this besides
About the only thing you can yourself do is try to limit the factors
which contribute to water retention. Namely, limit salt, caffeine in
your diet and alcohol (unlikely in your age). The severity of your
complaint indicates that this will unlikely be enough.
The goal of the menstrual cycle is to release an ovum or egg from
your ovary. This requires hormonal stimulation. All the eggs you will
ever have were there when you were born. Therefore, at this point
in your life, they are all pretty new. To stimulate even one of them to
release may take quite a bit of hormones. So, you may have an
extra amount of these hormones around pre-menstrually. The body
is always trying to achieve what is called homeostasis. This means
not too much or not too little of anything. So your body will try to
change all the extra female hormones into something else to
lessen the excess. Your problem occurs because the female
hormones are chemically very similar to other biochemical agents
in your body that effect water regulation. The body lessens the
amount of the excess female hormone by changing it into a
substance that regulates water retention.
You do not seem to have PMS, (as the S stands for syndrome, or
several symptoms associated with pre-menstruation). Still, you
have one symptom that is so severe that you might warrant
medical treatment. A mild diuretic or "water pill" can be prescribed
by your doctor. Common ones are called Spironolactone and
bromocriptine. Don't try over-the-counter water pills, these usually
have caffeine which has an immediate effect of eliminating water,
but then causes worse retention. Also the use of hormonal therapy
(i.e. birth control pills) can give relief in resistant cases.
Is this amount of pain abnormal because it seems terribly
excessive? Well, normal and excessive are two different things.
Your body and your hormones will change throughout the
reproductive part of your life. As more of your eggs mature are
exposed to hormones over time, they will not require the large
added amounts to release an egg each month. It is likely you will
"outgrow" this as your body matures.